“They were going to a village named Emmaus, Jesus approached and began traveling with them; beginning with Moses and with all the prophets, He explained to them the things concerning Himself in all the Scriptures Lk. 24:13-27.
Jesus testified about all the OT scriptures concerning Himself John 5:39, Luke 24:13-27 teaching His disciples. He is the source of their teaching about Himself, what they learned about is what they taught them. With the Old Testament and the life of Jesus Paul and the others were equipped to write the New Testament revelation through the Holy Spirit.
Isaiah 12:1-6 (A New Translation by J.N. Darby)
“In that day you shall say, ‘Jehovah, I will praise You; for though You were angry with me, Your anger is turned away, and You have comforted me.’ Behold, God is my salvation: I will trust, and not be afraid; for Jah, is my strength and song, and He is become my salvation. And with joy shall you draw water out of the wells of salvation. And in that day shall you say, ‘Give thanks to Jehovah, call upon His name, declare His deeds among the peoples, make mention that His Name is exalted. Sing psalms of Jehovah, for He hath done excellent things in all the earth.’ Cry out and shout, you inhabitants of Zion; for great is ‘The Holy One of Israel’ in the midst of you.”
This passage alone indicates that the resurrected Lord must have been with these two disciples for quite some time. It is remarkable for its brevity which encompasses ‘Five Names of God’ and reveals the relationship between these well-known Old Testament Names and the New Testament Name of Jesus who is both God and Man, our Lord Jesus Christ is clearly shown in this passage.
The Names of God are first listed 1) to 5) in order of frequency as they appear in the passage.
1) יְהוָה (YHVH) ‘The Tetragrammaton’.
The Old Testament personal Name of God occurring in 5,321 places. It is considered un-utterable in the synagogue where it is usually substituted with the Name Adonai (Lord) This Tetragrammaton is translated LORD in most translations and Jehovah in other translations. This Name is frequently pronounced incorrectly as “Jah-weigh”. The actual pronunciation is unknown.
2) אֵל (EL) God, god, mighty one.
The Old Testament use of the word either denotes the ordinary name “god” or “the God” of Israel.
3) יְשׁוּעָה (Yeshua) is the Hebrew name for Jesus.
Yeshua, (Jesus) the Son of God occurs 78 times in the Hebrew Old Testament. In the KJV this word is translated in the Old Testament as salvation 65 times. help 4 times, deliverance 3 times, health 3 times, and save, saving or welfare one time each. See some New Testament texts below:-
“And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: (Yeshua) for he shall save his people from their sins” Matthew 1:21. “To him give all the prophets witness, that through His Name everyone who believes in him receives forgiveness of sins” Acts 10:43.
“For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek: for the same Lord is Lord of all, abounding in riches for all who call on him. For whosoever will call on the name of the LORD will be saved Rom.10:12-13.”
The Tetragrammaton is not a Name that may be called upon for salvation, as it cannot be pronounced. Jesus, the Name which all men may believe upon for salvation, is easily uttered. What better Name for Him, ‘The Lamb of God’ who takes away the sin of the world than ‘Salvation’?
4) יְה (Jah) a contracted form of the Tetragrammaton:
Jah occurs 50 times in the Old Testament. It is sometimes rendered “LORD” in the KJV.
5) קְדוֹשׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל (Kidosh Yisra’el):
‘Kidosh Yisra’el’ – ‘The Holy One of Israel’ occurs 37 times in the Old Testament.
Isaiah 12:1-6 (JND) is modified below by modernising personal pronouns and various terms and substituting the English names of God for the Hebrew Names and inserting transliterated forms in parentheses to indicate the Son of God, His incarnation, crucifixion and atonement, second coming and also the believer’s salvation through Him.
Isaiah 12:1 “And in that day you shall say, יְהוָה (YHVH / Yahweh), I will praise You; for though You were angry with me, Your anger is turned away, and You have comforted me.” – Here sin is atoned for and forgiveness through the Lord Jesus Christ is available. Rom.3:25, 1 Jn.4:10. For only in Christ can a man’s sin be forgiven and only in Christ may mankind find and know the comfort of God. 2Cor.1:3-4.
Isaiah 12:2 “Behold, אֵל (EL) is my יְשׁוּעָה (Yeshua): I will trust, and not be afraid; for יְה (Jah) יְהוָה (YHVH / Yahweh), is my strength and song, and He is become my יְשׁוּעָה (Yeshua).” – Here we see we see the God of Israel is one and the same as Yeshua and that His very Name means Salvation. We see the incarnation of Christ and His crucifixion, as He becomes the salvation of sinners. We read that for the believer trust displaces fear 2Tim.1:7, Rev.1:17 as the sinner owns Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour. So with sins forgiven and knowing God as his strength and his song he goes rejoicing. In this we see the change and empowerment the Holy Spirit brings as the believer is baptized with reference to and for the Body of Christ 1Cor.12:13.
Isaiah 12:3 “With joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of יְשׁוּעָה (Yeshua).” – Here we see the believer’s dependence on Christ for his very sustenance and the Christian’s joy as he draws from the Holy Spirit, who is seen in the water Jn.4:1, and who leads the believer in service of Christ His Lord Act.6:8.
Isaiah 12:4 “In that day shall you say, Give thanks to יְהוָה (YHVH / Yahweh), call on His Name, declare his deeds among the peoples, make mention that His Name is exalted.”
The four-fold works of the believer ‘in Christ’ are here:
1) Giving thanks and praise to God for the ‘Matchless One’, and for every provision in every
difficulty Eph.1:6; Php.1:11.
2) He calls upon the Lord with prayers and supplications; Php.4:6.
3) Being missions minded Act.13:2, declaring the glad-tidings of salvation, among the nations
and calling them to faith in our Lord Jesus Christ 1Cor.15:1; Php.1:14; Titus 2:1.
4) He teaches new believers to exalt our Lord Jesus at all times in everything they do Col. 1:28
Isaiah 12:5 “Sing psalms of יְהוָה (YHVH / Yahweh), for He has done excellent things: this is known in all the earth.” – The believer worships ‘The Most High’ in words of highest praise.
Isaiah 12:6 “Cry out and shout, you inhabitants of Zion; for great is the קְדוֹשׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל (Kidosh Yisra’el) in the midst of you.”
Here Jesus is returned to earth. In Rev.14:1 the faithful, those in the first resurrection Phil. 3:10-11 are with Him and behold His greatness. They sing together ‘The Song of Moses and the Lamb’ Rev. 15:3-6; Deut. 32:1-43 and participate in His Millennial reign Rev. 20:6; Matt. 24:45-47; Rom. 8:7&18; 1 Cor. 4:7-10; 2 Cor. 4:17; 2 Tim. 2:11-12; Heb. 11:25; Rev. 2:26; 3:21; 7:14.
For Geoffrey on topic http://www.spurgeongems.org/vols10-12/chs547.pdf
Tags: Salvation, Forgiveness / Atonement, Jesus Christ, Trinity, Suffering & Rewards.