And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.

-Matthew 4:3

Jesus Christ is the Son of God. What does this term mean? The answer is: many things, dependent upon the context.


Luke’s genealogy describes Adam as the “son of God” (Luke 3:38) and Paul compares Christ with Adam (1 Corinthians 15:45). Adam was a direct creation of God, whereas other humans, according to the biblical narrative, were the product of Adam and Eve and their descendants (and there may have been humans who came about before Adam and Eve, depending on how one parses the language in Genesis 1-2).

Adam was created to rule over the earth, acting as God’s vicegerent, and the executor of the wishes of the Divine Council.

And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

-Genesis 1:26

Adam was by nature mortal, but he had access to the tree of life. His immortality was conditional upon obedience to the will of God: disobedience meant forfeiting the eternal life of Paradise.

But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.

-Genesis 3:3

Jesus, as the Adamic Son of God, came to restore what Adam had lost: by His refusal to give in to the Serpent’s temptation, by His obedience to the Father, dying on the tree of punishment and shame, He regained the kingdom of the earth and brought eternal life to “Adam’s helpless race”. The desert temptation forms a mirror to the temptation in the Garden, the tree of the Cross to the tress of life and knowledge, the resurrection to the death of Adam, victory to defeat. The heavenly Eden breaks out in pockets now through the ministry of the Holy Spirit in the Church: salvation, healings, ethical reform, overcoming adversity. The global Eden is coming with Christ at His Parousia.

And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him: and they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads. And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.

-Revelation 22:1-5